President Johnson’s few emotional words, his brief speech at the airport upon his arrival here in Washington his first words spoken to the nation as President of the United States have recalled to many people here at the White House the first words of John F. Kennedy his Inaugural Address. Two passages in particular seem to echo in the White House. you’ll remember what the President said “Let the word go forth from this time an place to friend and foe alike that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace proud of our ancient heritage and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which this nation has always been committed and to which we are committed today at home and around the world. Let every nation know said President Kennedy whether it wishes us well or ill that we shall pay any price bear any burden meet any hardship support any friend opposes any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty. And you will recall that he closed with these ringing words In the long history of the world only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility I welcome it. I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. the energy the faith the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it and the glow from that fire can truly light the world and so my fellow Americans said Kennedy Ask not what your country can do for you ask what you can do for your country. And now we have President Kansaties answer to that question. (No joke he actually said Kennedys like Kansaties. I can’t help but think of the Wizard of OZ) This is George Herman at the White House. Now back to Walter Cronkite:
Walter Cronkite at CBS Studios
A man who hoped to win his parties nomination to oppose President Kennedy in next November’s election New York’s Governor Nelson Rockerfeller received word of the President’s death in New York:
Kalb was the last newsman recruited by Edward R. Murrow to join CBS News,becoming part of the later generation of the “Murrow’s Boys.”
told me when I was able to reach him at the residence Spaso House that (…garbled)(BRUSSELS AND DUBLIN) – The Roman Catholic Church faces permanent disruption and banishment in at least five countries if it does not comply with ten “non-negotiable measures” by September 15, 2012, according to a global coalition of survivors of church rape and torture.
The news of course brought this nation of ours almost to a standstill. The Stock Market closed shortly after the news after stocks had dropped precipitously with the greatest drop since Black Monday of the Stock Market Crash. Throughout the country theaters closed and in Times Square the heart of the amusement industry in the United States that great street of Broadway is almost dark tonight. Bernard Eisman is there. Come in Bernard (0:43/9:05 tongue):
Broadway is not the great white way tonight. All of the lights on the spectacular advertising displays have been dimmed. Put out. The movie houses with the flickering twickeringbanks of neon they too have doused their lights and closed their box offices. In the streets off Broadway the scores of legitimate theaters and displays on the boards those that are successful and those are not. They too are closed. Even the little frankfurter stands here and there are closing down. As evening came Broadway paid it’s tribute to the President. It went dark, something it hasn’t done in the memory of very many people. Even the crowds and the traffic on Broadway are unusually light. The automobile traffic is not a tenth of what it would be on any ordinary weekend night and the crowds walking the streets they too are very light. Usually here it’s elbow to elbow and knee to knee as people fight to get to one amusement palace to another. Not so tonight. Now they carry little radios and listen for more news of the Presidents death or they read newspapers as glaring headlines brings home the reality of a tragedy. This is Bernard Eisman on a very dark and dim Broadway.
What psycho babble! Talk about rubbing it in. He sounds just like another newsman in our day who seems to be not who he seems to be Shawin’ itself and presenting a new word ‘twickering’. Disgusting and stupid! You would think they could do better than that! I hate these kind of reports! WITHOUT A HEART!
Back to Walter Cronkite 🙂
No corner of America had any corner on grief tonight. Across this great land the shockwave of President Kennedy’s assassination left a nation of stunned citizens.
Obvious EDIT and probably an OMISSION
CBS News Correspondent Dan Shore reports some reaction from Bonn and that it’s the German Chancellor Eirehart shocked has said that he and former German Chancellor Adenauer will fly to
Washington to attend the funeral services of the late President Kennedy. Let’s go now back to Washington to the White House and to George Herman:
The White House of the United States is empty. President Lyndon Johnson is working in the office he occupied across the street the Executive Office Building the office of the Vice President of the United States. Ms. Kennedy is not coming to the White House at all. Her children left the White House at 5:30 this afternoon presumably to join Mrs. Kennedy who is going into seclusion. President Johnson has talked to former President Truman and to former President Eisenhower, both of whom have apparently indicated that they will be here for the viewing of the President’s body tomorrow. President Hoover apparently is not going to be able to make it. (licks mouth 3:20/9:05)
President Johnson met with McGeorge Bundy the President Kennedy’s Aide on National Security matters with Secretary of Defense McNamara (licks mouth 3:29/9:05) and with Undersecretary of State George Ball for his first briefing as President of the United States. As I say he’s working now in his Executive Office Building office. the President also met with the Legislative leaders of both houses of congress from both parties. He asked for their united support in this tragedy which has befallen the country. He said it’s more essential than ever that this country be united and he asked them to help with the help of gGod for them all. this is George Herman at the White House back now to Walter Cronkite:
Mr. Kennedy’s parents Joseph and Rose Kennedy are in seclusion tonight at their Hyannis Port Massachusetts home. they learned of the news of the assassination of their son from a workman at the who heard it over the radio house and they immediately went into that seclusion. Attorney General Robert Kennedy the President’s younger brother and his closest advisor was having lunch at his Washington home when the tragedy uh tragic news uh reached him. The President’s other brother Senator Edward Kennedy was presiding over the Senate when word of the assassination reached him he rushed out of the Senate Chamber and he and his sister Mrs. Eunice Shriver later flew to Hyannis Point to be with their parents. Another sister Mrs. Patricia Lawford was placed under a doctors care at her home in Santa Monica California (4:50/9:05 rubs left eye with left forefinger) after receiving word of the assassination.
Next week was to have been a big one for the Kennedy family especially for Caroline who will be 6 years old on Wednesday and for John Jr. who observes his third birthday on Monday. John-John as the President called him was to have been celeb uh celebrated with his playmates at the White House on Tuesday and the next day Caroline was to have been the star of a big family birthday party up at Cape Cod and all of the Kennedy’s had been planning to get together for their traditional Thanksgiving gathering at Hyannis Port on Thursday. (licks mouth 5:29/9:05) For the two Kennedy children and for the entire family of course Mr. Kennedys death today was the second family tragedy about which uh they had to be told this year. The first the death uh in the case the children of their infant brother Patrick Bouvoir Kennedy uh last August the 9th.
Recapitulate where some of the other principles of todays tragedy are at this hour. The Kennedy family as we have said gathering in Hyannis Port. President Lyndon Baines Johnson at 54 by ascension now the 36th President of the United States is working as George Herman told you a moment ago in the Executive Office Building across the uh street from the White House. Mrs. uh Lyndon Johnson is at their home in Washington. The two Johnson children daughters one is at school in Washington the other was in Austin Texas planning to be a part of the weekend on the LBJ Ranch outside of Austin at which President and Mrs. Kennedy were to have been the honored guests. Whether they are going to fly now to Washington uh is not known at this hour. (licks mouth 6:37/9:05) And the body of the late President John Fitzgerald Kennedy uh lies at the US Naval Hospital at Bethesda Maryland. The body will be taken back to the White House to Lie in State at the White House tomorrow. On Sunday it will bay be taken to the capital building to remain in the Great Rotunda until noon on Monday. It is understood at the moment that the actual funeral services which will be a uh full-dress State Ceremony we will be held in Boston but a funeral mass will be said in Washington by Cardinal Cushing who uh married the Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy uh the uh couple of years ago. (licks mouth 7:18/9:05)
Down in Dallas Texas one other individual who may have been a principle in this tragedy today the man whom the Police say is a prime suspect Lee Oswald a member of a Free Cuba committee. A man who went to Russia and attempted to take up citizenship there in 1959 and returned here only last year has been booked for the murder of a Dallas Policeman shot in the Texas theater three miles from uh the sight on the Dallas street where President Kennedy was assassinated and Governor Connally was shot seized some 45 minutes later in a gun fight after the teller at the theater said that a man who looked like he was running from something had come into the theater. He was interrogated for more than 6 hours this afternoon. He has been booked now for the murder of the policeman, but there has been no charge leveled regarding the murder of the President of the United States. (licks mouth 8:17/9:05) In case he or the culprit is found and charged it is a simple murder charge in the State of Texas that is not a federal offense and he would face electrocution by the laws of the State of Texas in the Huntsville texas State Penetenciary. We are going to continue our coverage of this tragic day in a moment with special broadcasts recounting the career of the late President and a visit with the man who succeeded him. This is Walter Cronkite.
Stay tuned now for another special broadcast. Picture of flag at half mast. END
Starts with the title:
A Man of This Century
Good Evening. CBS News has brought you up to date on the events of this terrible day. CBS and indeed the whole nation is changing it’s habits as a result of todays activities. There will be no commercial programming, no entertainment programming on CBS Television or Radio until after the funeral of the President. Tonight it seems appropriate to take a look at the career and life of the man who was killed today. We’ll look first at scenes of his childhood.
John Kennedy was born in Brooklyn Massachusetts the second of nine children of millionaire Joseph Kennedy. His older brother Joe was killed in WWII when John ?garbled wasn’t then? the oldest of the family. He was followed by the four girls here with their parents. The family was completed with the addition of another girl and the two little boys Teddy and Bobby. The plump freckled faced boy is Ted age seven.
When war came John Kennedy volunteered. He was assigned to a navy desk job but he wangled a transfer to the Pacific where he commanded a PT boat. On one mission his boat was sliced in half by a Japanese Destroyer, but John Kennedy helped his crew to safety. For his heroism he was awarded the Navy and Marine Corp medal and the Purple Heart. His older brother Joe was also a hero, but he died in action.
Memorial for Joseph Kennedy Jr. inside the fortress of Mimoyecques (France)
“….Operation Aphrodite made use of unmanned, explosive–laden Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator bombers, that were deliberately crashed into their targets under radio control. These aircraft could not take-off safely on their own, so a crew of two would take-off and fly to 2,000 feet (610 m) before activating the remote control system, arming the detonators and parachuting from the aircraft.
After U.S. Army Air Forces Operation missions were drawn up on July 23, 1944, Kennedy and Lieutenant Wilford John Willy were designated as the first Navy flight crew. Willy had pulled rank over Ensign“FNU” Simpson (who was Kennedy’s regular co-pilot) to be on the mission. They flew a BQ-8 “robot” aircraft (a converted B-24 Liberator) for the U.S. Navy’s first Aphrodite mission. Two Lockheed Ventura mother planes and a navigation plane took off from RAF Fersfield. Next, the BQ-8 aircraft loaded with 21,170 lb (9,600 kg) of Torpex took off. It was to be used against the Fortress of Mimoyecques and its V-3 cannons, northern France.
Following 300 ft (91 m) behind them in a de Havilland Mosquito to film the mission was Colonel Elliott Roosevelt, son of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Kennedy and Willy were aboard as the BQ-8completed its first remote-control turn. Two minutes later and ten minutes before the planned crew bailout, the Torpex detonated prematurely and destroyed the Liberator, vaporizing Kennedy and Willy. Wreckage landed near the village of Blythburgh in Suffolk, England.
ROBOT EXPLODED IN THE AIR AT APPROXIMATELY TWO THOUSAND FEET EIGHT MILES SOUTHEAST OF HALESWORTH AT ONE EIGHT TWO ZERO HOURS PD WILFORD J. WILLY CMA SR GRADE LIEUTENANT AND JOSEPH P. KENNEDY SR GRADE LIEUTENANT CMA BOTH USNR CMA WERE KILLED PD COMMANDER SMITH CMA IN COMMAND OF THIS UNIT CMA IS MAKING FULL REPORT TO US NAVAL OPERATIONS PD A MORE DETAILED REPORT WILL BE FORWARDED TO YOU WHEN INTERROGATION IS COMPLETED…..”
What the heck does CMA mean?
I wonder if it was a robot
that killed John Kennedy, Jr.
This is the brother who died in the mission Operation Aphrodite:
the one that Jackie Kennedy said lacked imagination and could not have made a good President because of that malady.
Of course she had never met him so how would she know?
He died in WWII and she did not meet JFK till after college. Jackies was 15 or 16 years old when Joseph Kennedy was killed in action. Odd that she would say that in her interview with Arthur Schlesinger which is being puffedby ABC and NBC and Diane Sawyer, Huffington and the general PRESS and is hailed as “Explosive”. She even says that JFK didn’t want LBJ to succeed him …..then why in the world did he introduce him as his running mate. Why did he bother with Texas? Give me a break!
Here is an article I found which is really very interesting and illuminating especially about the problems politicians incur by serving the American people. In regards to this post I hope you will read the section about the contribution to Civil Rights that LBJ made. Pretty cool article and made me appreciate LBJ much more than any other article I have ever read about him. Please read:
Do you get the impression that maybe Jacqueline really isn’t Jackie Kennedy?
The one that married JFK.
Why in the world would she denigrate JFK’s brother?
To enhance JFK after his death!!!
If anything she tarnished him in her own sick way and used his daughter for that cause!
In Her Own Words
Back to CBS:
With WWII behind him John FItzgerald Kennedy took a brief turn as a news correspondent.
He covered the United Nations meeting in the Potsdam Conference and then politics beckoned him.
sorry that was so short but wanted to add the following information because it seems to be connected:
Pretty interesting article linked. including some details about the the Potsdam Conference.
“…..In addition to the Potsdam Agreement, on 26 July, Churchill, Truman, and Chiang Kai-shek, Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China (the Soviet Union was not at war with Japan) issued the Potsdam Declaration which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan during World War II in Asia…..”
Truman had mentioned an unspecified “powerful new weapon” to Stalin during the conference. Towards the end of the conference, Japan was given an ultimatum to surrender (in the name of the United States, Great Britain and China) or meet “prompt and utter destruction”, which did not mention the new bomb. After prime minister Kantarō Suzuki‘s reply to maintain silence (mokusatsu, which was misinterpreted as a declaration that the Empire of Japan should ignore the ultimatum), atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945, respectively.
Kind of a damed if you do and a damned if you don’t kind of a situation, in my opinion. Ying and Yang. It’s hard to read how or what anything means when the leader of the most powerful religious order Pope Benedict xv1 orders their compliance and says that the Lord approves of that Neocatechumenal Way and then Earthquakes and tsunamis erupt in their country. Kind of strange collision of forces and I wonder who controls either of them. Perhaps those quakes and the tsunami were caused another way.
At the same period of time after the Popes demand and the earthquake/tsunami
a building in LA was hit by a plane and I think it had something to do with Anderson.
Makes me uh think of uh Anderson Alaska and uh Haarp.
I wrote that article soon after the devastation and upon further reflection
I don’t think the Lord approves of either the Vatican, the Pope, or whoever or whatever uses catastrophes to manipulate people, human beings.
Seems to me it is quite possible that the spirit that controls all of the above entities is one and the same spirit
causing death, chaos, and panic, forced servitude and slavery, and false worship and adoration
and making absolutely no sense!
That cannot be God but then again who knows? Maybe allowing it to occur as signs for the world that the World Government ain’t gonna happen successfully.
Something is very wrong in Christianity and I think everyone should contemplate why.
Why is there so much confusion in Christianity?
I thought Walter Veith came near to why in his videos about the relationship between Islam and Roman Catholicism
and I believe it applies to the daughters of Roman Catholicism as well. Protestants, Methodists, Baptists, evangelicals and all the others.
I believe it is the Synoptic problem
that exists in our bibles and missing the point of who Jesus of Nazareth was, what he meant and why he came
which is included in the Gospel of John
and the misinterpretation of all of the above.
The jot and tittles that are ever changing which quite possibly may affect fulfillment of every jot and tittle promised.
The changes which are accomplished by the Chief Priests and the Legion to maintain their power and wealth at our expense!
IN 1947 he was elected Democratic Congressman from Massachusetts and he was reelected for three terms. On September 12th 1953 John Kennedy was married to Jacqueline Lee Bouvier.
Before the wedding Jackie was friends with Maurice Tempelsman a Belgian American businessman and diamond merchant. (I get the feeling JFK was set up from the beginning.)
The serious back injury that Mr. Kennedy had suffered in WWII continued to bother him throughout his life. In late 1954 he was forced to leave Washington for extensive treatment in New York City.
…garbled scenes from that Gala wedding in 1953.
Here is John Kennedy going to the hospital for treatment of his back injury. It was shortly before Christmas in 1954 that he left the hospital. With Mrs. Kennedy at his side he was taken on a stretcher to New York’s La Guardia Airport for a flight to Florida in a lengthy convalescence at the Kennedy Estate at Palm Beach. Five months later in May of 1955 Senator and Mrs. Kennedy returned to Washington. After a busy year the 1956 Democratic Convention was drawing near on a visit to Los Angelos Senator Kennedy was asked whether the issue of civil rights would split the party. John Kennedy-I think there has been some question as to whether the Democratic Party would be split uh this fall. I personally uh do not believe it will be. I think the uh it may be uh torn uh somewhat over this question of civil rights but I think in the final analysis garbled the Supreme Court has spoken. The decision will be accepted and that the Democratic Party will stay united and I think that this is fundamental to our success in November.
At the convention Kennedy almost won the Vice-Presidential nomination but it went to Senator Kefauver. Someone says: If there is no objection the chair will recognize Senator John Kennedy of Massachusetts:
Kennedy Speaking-Recognizing that this convention has selected a man who has campaigned in all parts of the country who has worked entirely for the party who will serve as an admirable running mate to Governor Stevenson I hope that this convention will make ?Edward? Kefauver’s nomination unanimous. Thank you. Applause
The convention near miss gone by Senator Kennedy plunged back into the Washington grind. By 1958 he was Chairman of the Labor Subcommittee and then promised a Labor Reform Bill.
Kennedy speaking This is a large assignment but the Subcommittee has now received in effect a mandate from the Senate to report promptly fair and effective legislation in this …..We are committed to fulfill that responsibility and as Chairman I intend to do whatever is within my power to carry out the pledge that was given last week to members of both parties.There will be a bill in the Senate this session and that is not an opinion I believe but a fact. The Kennedy snowball that started rolling in 1956 didn’t stop until the night of July 13th, 1960 when on the first ballot cast by the Democratic
National Convention in Los Angelos Mr. Kennedy received his parties nomination for President.
Someone a the convention says: Mr. Chairman, Mr. Chairman Wyomings vote will make the majority for Senator Kennedy the crowd cheers
A newsman says:The delegates on the floor are watching a tabulation uh by an electronic tabulator there.
Someone at the convention says: Mr. Chairman. Wild cheering at the convention
Newsman says: this is the figure as shown on the floor Kennedy’s 765 votes enough to nominate.
Adlai Stevenson at podium: The Democratic Party proudly presents to the nation to the world to the future our next President John F. Kennedy.
Kennedy stands and smiles audience stands up and cheers.
John F. Kennedy says-I want to express my thanks to Governor Stevenson for his generous and heart-warming introduction. Applause. It was my great honor to place his name and nomination at the 1956 Democratic Convention and I am delighted to have his support and his counsel and his advice in the coming months ahead. Applause. Let me say first that I accept the nomination of the Democratic Party. Applause. I accept it without reservation and with only one obligation, the obligation to devote every effort of my mind and spirit to lead our party back to victory and our nation to greatness. I am grateful to. I am grateful to that you have provided us with such a strong platform to stand on and to run on. Applause. Pledges which are made so eloquently are made to be kept. The rights of man. The civil and economic rights essential to the human dignity of all men are indeed our goal and are indeed our first principle. This is a platform on which I can run with enthusiasm and with conviction. And I’m grateful finally that I can rely in the coming months on many others. On a distinguished running mate who brings unity and strength to our platform and to our ticket Lyndon Johnson. Applause.
some odd picture effects of man next to Johnson
that I should include because I noticed them.
The woman behind this man seems to melt into this
man’s face and cheek
Interviewer:That campaign in 1960 was marked by something new in American politics. An important element was four debates between the candidates on coast to coast television. An electronic nationwide debating platform: Senator you’ve been promising the voters that if you are elected President you’ll try and push through Congress bills on medical aide to the aged, a comprehensive minimum hour wage bill, federal aide to education. Now in the August post convention session of the Congress when you at least held as a possibility that you could one day be President and when you had over whelming majority especially in the Senate you could not get action on these bills. Now how do you feel that you’ll be able to get them in January? Kennedy interrupts because it sounded like the question was through: Well let’s take the bill Interviewer interrupts: if you weren’t able to get them in August.
Kennedy answers: If I may take the bills we did pass in the Senate a bill uh to provide a dollar and twenty-five cent minimum wage. It failed because the House did not pass it. The House failed by eleven votes and I might say that two-thirds of the Republicans in the House voted against a dollar twenty-five cent minimum wage and a majority of the Democrats sustained it. Nearly two-thirds voted for the dollar twenty-five. We were threatened by a veto if we passed a dollar and a quarter. It’s extremely difficult with a great power that the President does to pass any bill when the President is opposed. All the President needs to sustain a veto on any bill is one-third plus one in either the House or the Senate. 1:30/10:19//Secondly, we passed a Federal Aide to Education Bill in the Senate. It failed to come to the floor of the House of Representatives. It was killed in the Rules Committee and it is a fact in the August Session that the four members of the Rules Committee who are Republicans joining with two Democrats voted against sending the Aide to Education Bill to the floor of the House. Four Democrats voted for it. Every Republican on the Rules Committee voted against sending that bill to be considered by the members of the House of Representatives. Thirdly on medical care for the aged, this is the same fight thats been going on for twenty-five years in Social Security. We wanted to tie it to Social Security. We offered an amendment to do so. Forty-four Democrats voted for it, one Republican voted for it and we were informed at the time it came to a vote that if it was adopted, the President of the United States would veto it. //2:19/10:19 In my judgement a vigorous Democratic President supported by a Democratic Majority in the House and Senate can win the support for these programs. But if you shend a Republican President and a Democratic Majority and a threat of a veto hangs over the Congress in my judgement you will continue what happened in the August session which is a clash of parties and inaction.
While President Kennedy was answering the question
shots of Nixon were in progress part of the time
and these are a few snapshots of Mr. Nixon:
He wasn’t even speaking at the time,
but was just sitting there and sticking out his tongue,
which is weird, don’t you think?
(at 1:55/10:19, 2:03/10:19)
Interviewer: Mr Nixon comment?
Nixon: Well, obviously my views are different. First of all i don’t see how it’s possible for a one-third of a body such
as the Republicans have in the House and the Senate to stop two-thirds if the two-thirds are adequately led. I would say to that when Senator Kennedy refers to the action of The House and Rules Committee there are eight Democrats on that committee and four Republicans. It would seem to me again that it is very difficult to blame the four Republicans for the eight Democrats not getting a something through that particular committee.
——————— John F. Kennedy won that election, but by a very small margin. The victory celebration came in the Kennedy family home in Hyannis Port on Cape Cod in Massachusetts
The ceremony also produced an unforgettable incident involving the late Robert Frost as the poet sought to read his inaugural ode.
Robert Frost says: I can’t see in this light. He is having a hard time seeing what he is reading because of the brightness. It is about the new order of the ages that God. That in their Latin our founding sages God gave his approval of…gave his approval of
Someone gives him a top hat and the people laugh. Robert Frost says: … garbled ,,,Well, I just have to get through as I can and on the screen it looks as if he walks away but that could be an edit.
The Oath of office was
Chief Justice Earl Warren of the United States Supreme Court:
Earl Warren says: You John Fitzgerald Kennedy do solemnly swear. JFK says: I John FItzgerald Kennedy do solemnly swear. Earl Warren: That you will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States? JFK: That I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States. Earl Warren: And will to the best of your ability. JFK: And will to the best of my ability Earl Warren: Preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. JFK: Preserve, protect and defend the Consitution of the United States. Earl Warren: So help you God. JFK: So help me God. Applause.
Sounds like Walter Cronkite who says: Then the 35th President delivered a memorable inaugural address. Forty-three year old former Senator from Massachusetts becomes
the 35th President of the United States. The first person born in the 20th century to fill this great office.
Inaugural Address of JFK:
Vice President Johnson, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Chief Justice, President Eisenhower, Vice President Nixon, President Truman, Reverend clergy // fellow citizens. We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom symbolizing an end as well as a beginning signifying renewal as well as change. For I have sworn before you and Almighty God the same solemn oath our fore-bearers described nearly a century and three quarters ago. The world is very different now for man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life and yet the same revolutionary beliefs for which our forbearers fought are still at issue around the globe the belief that the rights of man come not from the generosity of state, but from the hand of God. We dare not forget today that we are the heirs of that first revolution. Let the word go forth from this time and place to friend and foe alike that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans born in this century tempered by war disciplined by a hard and bitter peace. Proud of our ancient heritage and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which this nation has always been committed and to which we are committed today at home and around the world. Applause. Let every nation know whether it wishes us well or ill that we shall pay any price bear any burden meet any hardship support any friend oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty. Applause. This much we pledge and more to those old allies whose cultural and spiritual origins we share we pledge the loyalty of faithful friends. United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures, divided there is little we can do. For we dare not meet a powerful challenge at odds and split asunder. To those new states whom we welcome to the ranks of the free we pledge our word that one form of colonial control shall not have passed away merely to be replaced by a far more iron tyrrany. We shall not always expect to find them supporting our view, but we shall always hope to find them strongly supporting their own freedom and to remember that in the past those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside. Applause. To those people in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery we pledge our best efforts to help them help themselves for whatever period is required not because the communists may be doing it not because we seek their votes but because it is right. If a free society cannot help the many who are poor it cannot save the few who are rich. Applause. To our sister Republics south of our border we offer a special pledge to convert our good words into good deeds.In a new alliance for progress to assist free men and free governments in casting off the chains of poverty but this peaceful revolution of hope cannot become the prey of hostile powers. Let all our neighbors know that we shall join with them to oppose aggression or subversion anywhere in the Americas and let every other power know that this hemisphere garbled and silence cutting in and out …..Applause To that world assembly of sovereign state the United Nations our last best hope in an age where the instruments of war have far out-paced the instruments of peace we renew our pledge of support to prevent it from becoming merely a forum for invective to strengthen its shield of …..garbled and the weak and to enlarge the area in which it’s writ may run. Finally, to those nations who would make themselves our adversary we offer not a pledge but a request that both sides begin anew the quest for peace before the dark powers of destruction unleashed by science engulf all humanity in planned or accidental self destruction. We dare not tempt them with weakness. For only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we certain beyond doubt that they will never be employed but neither can two great and powerful groups of nations take comfort from our present course both sides over burdened by the cost of modern weapons both rightly alarmed by the steady spread of the deadly atom yet both racing to order that uncertain balance of terror that stays the hand of mankind’s final war. So let us begin anew remembering on both sides that civility is not a sign of weakness and sincerity is always subject to proof. Let us never negotiate out of fear, let us never fear to negotiate. Applause. END
Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring of those problems that divide us. Let both sides for the first time formulate serious and precise proposals for the inspection and control of arms and bring the absolute power to destroy other nations under the absolute control of all nations. Applause. Let both sides seek to invoke the wonders of science instead of its terrors. Together let us both explore the stars, ..garbled..of the deserts, eradicate disease, tap the ocean depths and encourage the arts and commerce. Let both sides unite to heed in all corners of the earth the command of Isaiah: to undo the heavy burdens and let the oppressed go free. Applause. And if a beachhead of cooperation may push back the jungle of suspicion let both sides join in creating a new endeavor. Not a new balance of power but a new world of law where the strong are just and the weak secure and the peace preserved. All this will not be finished in the first 100 days nor will it be finished in the first 1000 days nor in the life of this administration nor even perhaps in our lifetimes on this planet but let us begin. Applause. In your hands my fellow citizens more than mine will rest the final success or failure of our course. Since this country was founded each generation of Americans has been summoned to give testimony to its national loyalty. The graves of young Americans who answered the call to service surround the globe. Now the trumpet summons us again not as a call to bear arms though arms we need, not as a call to battle though in battle we are, but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle year in and year out, rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation a struggle against the common enemies of man: Tyranny, Poverty, Disease, and War itself.
Seems odd but compare what Barack Obama said in his speech referring to the first 100 days and on the next 73rd day he would rest. This was said at a press dinner that he seems to have had to attend. His wife baring her arms and his mention of her arms and that she is the only one who has the right to bare/bear her arms. Of course she has pretty arms, I admit. She was wearing a fushia colored dress and wasn’t that what Jackie wore a fushia colored suit? Eddie Barker and Dan Rather’s mention of Jackie Kennedy (who I don’t think at that time she was the real Jackie Kennedy) and her arms “No one was holding on to her arms ” comment after President Kennedy was assassinated and on the Zapruder film shows Jackie holding on to something as President Kennedy is assassinated and heat vapor rising from her hand afterwards. What does all his mean?
So what did happen on the 173rd day of President Kennedy’s administration?
What happened on the 173rd day of Barack Obama’s administration? Did he rest?
Barack Obama mentioned building a library in his name also. What was that all about?
Can we forge against these enemies a grand and global alliance, north and south, east and west, that can insure a more fruitful life for all mankind?Will you join in that historic effort?
People start saying Yes and applauding
In the long history of the world only a few generations have been granted a role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility, I welcome it. Applause. I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it and the globe from that fire can truly light the world. And so my fellow Americans ask not what your country can do for you ask what yo can do for your country. Applause. My fellow citizens of the world ask not what America will do for you but what together we can do for the freedom of man. Applause. Finally whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world ask of us here the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you with a good conscience our only sure reward with history the final judge of our deeds let us go forth to lead the land we love asking His blessing and His help but knowing that here on earth Gods work must truly be our own. Applause.
After that inaugural it was not long before the Kennedys did some traveling. In the middle of May of 1961 the President and Mrs. Kennedy arrived in Ottawa Canada for a State visit. Mr. Kennedy wanted to bring Canada closer to the United States in strengthening NATO an organization in which the conservative people …garbled..our government was not especially favorable to. The trip was Mr. Kennedy’s first out of the country since he took office and its one big draw back with a tree planting ceremony during which Mr. Kennedy apparently injured his back. It wasn’t serious. His back acted up frequently during his time in the White House. In his efforts to soothe it dictated his decision to use a rocking chair in his White House office. Mr. Kennedy addressed the Canadian Parliament before he left and he said Geography has made us neighbors. History has made us friends. Economics has made us partners and necessity has made us allies. There was no sign at the time that some slip with that spade had given him the back trouble.
June 3, 1961 –The next month found Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy in Vienna Austria. The purpose a Summit Meeting with Soviet Premier Kruschev. It was the first major east west confrontation to take place since the abortive Paris Summit Conference of 1960. These meetings between the two men produced no substantive agreement on any of the problems discussed however they did issue a joint communique affirming their support for a neutral Laos and their willingness to continue contact between the two governments. When the Kennedys that had arrived in Vienna they were accorded a far more cordial reception than were the Khrushchevs. On June 3rd both the Kennedys and the Krushchevs were guests of Austrian President Schärf in Viennas
Schönbrunn Palace. After the dinner there was an evening opera and ballet.
Later Mr. Kennedy had this to say of the trip: It was a very sober two days. There was no discourtesy, no loss of temper, no threats or ultimatums by either side. No advantage or concession was either planned or given. No spectacular progress was achieved. The gap between us was not materially reduced but at least the channels of communication were open more fully. Mr. Kennedy added that both he and Mr. Khrushchev realized that both nations have the power to inflict enormous damage on the other and that war should be avoided because as Mr. Kennedy put it it would settle no dispute and prove no doctrine.
At the end of May 1961 the Kennedys flew to Paris for a three day visit to France. Mr. President and French President Charles DeGaulle discussed a wide variety of topics: Southeast Asia, Africa, the Laotian crisis.
Mr. kennedy reaffirmed that the United States would stand by France and he pledged to keep NATO strong. American forces will remain in Europe just as long as they are needed Mr. Kennedy said as long as they are required ready to meet any threat with whatever response is needed. The Kennedy-DeGaulle exchange was one of unusual warmth. Mr. Kennedy had told DeGaulle he had come to France not only because of past friendship but because of the grandeur of Frances present mission and the vigor of her leaders.
John Kennedy came from a great Irish family descended on both sides of immigrants who came to this country in the mid nineteenth century. His paternal grandfather served in both branches of the State Legislature and his maternal grandfather the famous Honey Fitz or John F. Fitzgerald was Mayor of Boston and served in the United States Congress. The President’s father Joseph P. Kennedy amassed a fortune that has been placed at somewhere between two hundred and four hundred million dollars. He established a one million dollar trust fund for each one of his children and instilled in them a spirit of competing to be best and a sense that wealth means responsibility and public service. The family gathered for a rare picture together right after Jack won the election. They had each campaigned for him with the exception of Father Joe who chose to remain in the background.
This man who was determined to see his son in the White House served his country as Ambassador to Britain during the early part of WWII. He became a center of controversy for what were considered isolationist sentiments. Joseph Kennedy once said he was in complete disagreement with his son on foreign policy.
Once his son became President Joe Kennedy became grandfather concentrating his public attentions at least on his twenty-one grandchildren.
He also suffered a stroke shortly after these pictures were taken. Today he is an invalid.
The President’s mother the daughter of a successful politician who was once described as the Presidents best campaigner. The mother of nine. She lost her oldest son Joseph on a bombing mission during the war and a daughter Kathleen in an airplane crash. She talked about her family and her philosophy as a parent in a recent interview with Charles Collingwood:
In a family, of course all the children were different and uh uh, they understand that the oldest boy usually takes more responsibilities than the others, I think. Ah that was interesting. This is a digression, but when I wrote “A Summers Alive”
(That is what it sounds like she says-” A Summers Alive” but I tried to find this writing or poetry and there is nothing that I can find. So, I’m not sure of the above statement)
I think he seemed to feel that uh he was the leader and he had the responsibility. When we lost him then it devolved upon Jack who took it upon himself. and his father and I both mentioned at the time that we felt that he was assuming the responsibilities which his older brother had formerly had held. I think that uh if the oldest ones um come in and say goodnight to their parents or say their prayers in the morning the younger ones think that that’s probably the things thing to do and they will do it. Ah, if they um take swimming lessons or they go to school or do fairly well in school and I think the elder the younger ones then think (garbled) they will go along too. Ah fortunately the um older ones cooperated very effectively. I also think that uh it is much more effective to tell uh an older one to correct his sister for instance so we when a girl was using too much lipstick I’d tell my son to suggest to her that he had it for too much (sounds like she said but not sure, kind of garbled) rather than telling him myself because I used to think uh perhaps she thought I was old fashioned and she would um really uh value his advice.
(Charles Collingwood asks) Did the President have to do that to his sisters sometimes?
(Rose Kennedy:) Well um he um had a few words to say too, about um all of them.
Jack became the eldest when his brother Joe died and he took on the responsibilities of the eldest son including entering politics and running for the Senate and the Presidency. Two sons are left of the Kennedys: Robert, the Attorney General and Edward, the Junior Senator from Massachusetts. Robert became one of his brothers closest lieutenants, if indeed he wasn’t the closest. As Attorney General his special battles have been against organized crime and for civil rights, but his brother also used him as an Ambassador at Large. Only last year the Bobby Kennedys went to Japan as part of a world tour representing the President .The crowd reacted to him as the symbol of his country. Today he is the eldest Kennedy son.
Edward the youngest, Teddy Kennedy as he is called followed in the family footsteps. This is still Robert Kennedy in Japan. Teddy Kennedy following in the family footsteps even though there were those who thought it politically unwise for the President to have two brothers in Washington. He campaigned for and won the seat in the Senate once held by his brother John.
The one closest to the President his wife was the one member of the family who didn’t seek public life. Shyer than the exuberant Kennedys, more reserved she nevertheless helped him on the path to the highest office in the land. We first met her when as wife of candidate John F. Kennedy. She talked with our reporter. The interview took place in the Kennedys home in Washingtonand two year old Carolyn joined in the brief talk with Correspondent Neil Strausser:
Caroline Kennedy: What you men doing?
Neil Strausser: Mrs. Kennedy would you introduce this most talkative member of your family?
Mrs. Kennedy: This is my daughter Caroline. She’s two years old. Can you say Good morning?
Neil Strausser: She doesn’t appear to care too much for the cameras here. Mrs. Kennedy you have the one child and you have a husband who is the candidate for the Presidency.
How does it feel to be the wife of a candidate.
Mrs. Kennedy: I suppose it depends on the candidate, but I enjoy being married to John Kennedy very much.
As a wife of John Kennedy the President of the United States Jacqueline Kennedy tried to spend as much time as possible with her children and she often combined being a hostess with being a mother. Here she’s introducing the Empress of Iran to her son John. The horse you saw was Caroline’s pony Macaroni. Mrs. Kennedy also proved to be a great asset to her husband and his public duties. She completely charmed France’s President De Gaulle. In fact on this trip to Paris she was such a hit that the President said to one audience. I am now known as the man who accompanied Jackie Kennedy to Paris.
“If people were kind to me,” she was to say later
“it was because I was the wife of the President,
so the people were showing their affection to him
and he should have been there
to receive it.”
Very, very interesting statement!
Partially because her part changed or his changed and it seems that this is the “place in time” that that change may have occurred.
The President was there to greet her on her return. She said, “I have missed my family and I haven no desire to be a public personality on my own.” And yet she was planning to help as much a possible in the 1964 campaign.
same ^ part
She went with him to Texas and shared the podium in Houston
not the same ^ part
She had never been to Texas before and had looked forward to the trip. Her first such trip since the death of her third child the infant Patrick.
In these days of fast and intimate communication the American people also saw the President as a father. Father to Caroline who will be 6 next Wednesday and to John F. Kennedy Jr. who will be 3 next Monday. He called his son John John.
The last time we saw the whole family together was just a week or so ago when the Black Watch entertained for youngsters at the White House including those in balcony seats Caroline and John John.
same ^ part that is
The President looks more like Ted Kennedy than President John Kennedy.
When the President first went to the White House there was only one child Caroline who was then 2 years old and very much her father’s girl. He spent much time with her in the house when her mother was in the hospital burying their son. And the relationship between them even for this busy man was always close. Perhaps the most famous incident with Caroline occurred during a news conference at Count at Palm Beach.
That was Caroline in her mother’s shoes. After a time Mrs. Kennedy in particular tried to keep the children in the background. The President always seemed to enjoy it when they interrupted a public affair. It was only this year that the public began to see a lot of father and son. John John liked to go with his father on planes and helicopters and didn’t like it very much when he was left behind.
The Kennedys frequently went to church as a family group. These pictures were taken when they attended Easter services in Palm Beach.
And the President brought both children to the hospital at Otis Air Force Base to see their mother after the death of Patrick. That was not long ago, Mrs. Kennedy has just begun to make public appearances following a period of mourning and a vacation abroad.
The President and the children also went to the airport to meet Mrs. Kennedy after her recent return from that vacation in Greece.
Both Mrs. Kennedy and the President said all along part of their main job was to be parents. The President always seemed to enjoy it.
One of the last times that father and son were together was when the President went to Arlington to lay a wreath at the tomb of the unknowns. John went along, but stayed behind at the car fascinated by the uniforms and salutes of the military.
With the coming to power of Fidel Castro in Cuba the spectra/specter (not sure which is said but both seem to fit) of Communism was raised only 90 miles from our own shores.
What is funny about that is Arlen Specter who worked on the Warren Commission and became a senator
was also the first to offer the one bullet theory for the death of JFK
looks eerily similar to Oswald. That is my opinion!
Less than 4 months after John Kennedy took office an assault was mounted on Cuba in the predawn hours of April 17th, 1961. Anti-Castro rebels landed on the swampy beaches of Las Villas Province. The attack was directed by the Cuban National Revolutionary Council which was based in the United States. Cuban forces beat off the attackers. The Debacle became known as The Bay of Pigs Disaster. Kruschev blamed the Kennedy Administation. Mr. Kennedy blamed security leaks and breaches of secrecy for the disaster.
“If the Press is awaiting a declaration of war before it imposes the self discipline of combat conditions then I can only say that no war ever posed a greater threat to our security. If you are awaiting a finding of clear and present danger then I can only say that the danger has never been more clear and its presence has never been more imminent. This deadly challenge imposes upon our society two requirements of direct concern both to the Press and to the President. Two requirements that may seem almost contradictory in tone but which must be reconciled and fulfilled if we are to meet this national peril. I refer first to the need for far greater public information and second to the need for far greater official secrecy. And I hope that every group on America unions and businessman and public officials at every level will ask the same question of their endeavors and suffer their actions to this same exacting task. I have no intention of establishing a new office of war information to govern the flow of news. I am not suggesting any new forms of censorship or new types of security classifications. I have no easy answer to the dilemma that I have posed and would not seek to impose it if I had one. But I am asking the members of the newspaper profession and the industry in this country to reexamine their own responsibilities to consider the degree and the nature of the present danger and to heed the duty of self restraint.”
The trouble over Cuba kept reoccurring until it led to a direct showdown with the Soviet Union but that wasn’t for another year and half in October of 1962. In between there was that other recurring difficulty that seemed so often to bring the United States and Russia to swords point. That of course is Berlin. The trouble over Berlin predated the Kennedy Administration and lingers still.
In July of 1961 President Kennedy took the stand on the question:
“Our response to the Berlin crisis will not be merely military or negative. It will be more than merely standing firm. For we do not intend to leave it to others to choose and monopolize the forum and the framework of discussion. We do not intend to abandon our duty to mankind to seek a peaceful solution. As signers of the UN Charter we shall always be prepared to discuss international problems with any and all nations that are willing to talk and listen with reason. If they have proposals, not demands, we shall hear them. If they seek genuine understanding, not concessions of our rights, we shall meet with them. We have previously indicated our readiness to remove any actual irritants in West Berlin, but the freedom of that city is not negotiable. We cannot negotiate with those who say “what’s mine is mine and what’s yours is negotiable” but we are willing to consider any arrangement or treaty in Germany consistent with the maintenance of peace and freedom and with legitimate security interests of all nations. We recognize the Soviet Union’s historical concern about their security in Central and Eastern Europe after a series of ravaging invasions and we believe arrangements can be worked out which will help to meet those concerns and make it possible for both security and freedom to exist in this troubled area. For it is not the freedom of West Berlin which is abnormal in Germany today but the situation in that entire divided country. If anyone doubts the legality of our rights in Berlin we are ready to have it submitted to International Adjudication. If anyone doubts the extent to which our presence is desired by the people of West Berlin compared to East German feelings about their regime we are ready to have that question submitted to a free vote in Berlin and if possible among all the German people and let us hear at the same time from two and one half million refugees who have fled the communist regime in East Germany voting for Western type freedom with their feet. The world is not deceived by the communist attempt to label Berlin as a hotbed of war. There is peace in Berlin today. The source of world trouble and tension is Moscow, not Berlin. And if war begins it will have begun in Moscow and not Berlin…..”
The summer and fall of 1962 saw more concern about Cuba and the presence of Soviet Troops there. Some members of Congress notably Republican Senator Kenneth Keating of New York complained that the Russians were building missile installations which were a threat to our security. The decision regarding Cuba was too important to rush and President Kennedy waited until he was sure that indeed a serious threat did exist. Then at 7:00 o’clock on the night of October 22 President Kennedy took to a national radio and television and he stated the United States position clearly:
“….This government as promised has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet military buildup on the island of Cuba that a series of offensive missile sites is now in preparation on that imprisoned island. The purpose of these bases can be none other than to provide a nuclear strike capability against the Western Hemisphere. Acting therefore in the defense of our own security and of the entire Western Hemisphere and under the authority entrusted to me by the Constitution as endorsed by the revolu resolution of the Congress I have directed that the following initial steps be taken immediately:
First, to halt this offensive buildup a strict quarantine on all offensive military equipment under shipment to Cuba is being initiated. All ships of any kind bound for Cuba from whatever nation or port will if found to contain cargo from whatever nation or port (some kind of glitch and repeats) will if found to contain cargoes of offensive weapons be turned back. This quarantine will be extended if needed to other types of cargo and carriers. We are not at this time however denying the necessities of life as the Soviets attempted to do in their Berlin Blockade of 1948.”
Second, I have directed the continued and increased close surveillance of Cuba and its military buildup. The foreign ministers of the OAS in their communique of October 6th rejected secrecy in such matters in this hemisphere. Should these offensive military preparations continue thus increasing the threat to the hemisphere further action will be justified. I have directed the armed forces to prepare for any eventualities. And I trust in the interests of both the Cuban people and the Soviet technicians at the sites the hazards to all concerned of continuing this threat will be recognized.
Third, it shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba or against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States requiring a full retaliatory response upon the Soviet Union.
==================End of that speech================
The President liked to take time to talk and philosophize about his office. Just about a year ago he sat in his famous rocking chair and talked on television with reporters from the
Q: As you look back on your first 2 years in office sir has your experience in the office matched your expectations? You had studied a good deal the power of the Presidency; the methods of it’s operation. How has this worked out as you saw it in advance?
JFK: Well, in the first place I think the problems are more difficult than I imagined they were.
Secondly, there’s a limitation on the ability of the United States to solve these problems.
We uh are involved now in the Congo in a very difficult situation. We’ve been unable to secure implementation of the policy which we supported.We are involved in a good many other areas. We are trying to see if a solution can be found of the struggle between Pakistan and India with whom we want to remain friends, with whom we want to remain friendly relations if they are unable to come to an agreement. There is a limitation in other words upon the power of the United States to bring about solutions. I think our people get awfully impatient, and uh maybe fatigued and tired…..we’ve been carrying this burden for 17 years. Can we lay it down? We can’t lay it down. I don’t see how we can lay it down in this century. So that uh I would say that the problems are more uh difficult than I imagined them to be. The responsibilities placed upon the United States are greater than I imagined them to be and there are greater limitations upon our ability to bring about a favorable result than I had imagined them to be, And I think that is probably true of anyone who becomes President because there is such a difference between those who advice or speak or legislate and be tr between the man who must uh make select from the various alternatives proposed and say that this shall be the policy of the United States. It’s much easier to make the speeches than it is to finally make the judgements, because uh unfortunately your advisors are frequently divided and if you take the wrong course and on occasion I have, the President bears the burdens, the responsibility, quite rightly. The advisors may move on to new advice.
Q: Well Mr. President that brings up a point that’s always interested me. How does a President go about making a decision like Cuba for example?
JFK: The uh most recent one was hammered out really our policy and decision over a period of uh 5 or 6 days. During that period the 15 people more or less who were directly consulted frequently uh changed their views uh because uhwhatever action we took had so many disadvantages to it and each action that we took raised the prospect that the it might escalate with the Soviet Union into a Nuclear war. Finally however I think a general consensus developed uh and certainly seemed after all alternatives were examined that the course of action that we finally adopted was the right one. Now uh when I talked to members of the congress several of them suggested a different alternative when we confronted them on that Monday with the evidence. My feeling is that if they had gone through the 5 day period we had gone through at looking at the various alternatives the advantages and disadvantage of action they probably would have come out the same way that we did. I think that we took the right one. If we would have had to act on the Wednesday in the first 24 hours I don’t think probably we would have chosen as prudently as we finally did: A quarantine against the use of Offensive weapons.
In addition uh that had much more power than we first thought it did because uh I think the Soviet Union was very reluctant to have us stop ships which carried with them a good deal of their highly secret and sensitive material. Another uh….one of the reasons I think that the Soviet Union withdrew the IAL28s was because we were carrying on very intensive low level photography. Now no one would have guessed probably that that would have been such a harassment. Mr. Castro could not permit us to indefinitely continue wide spread flights over his island at 200 feet every day and he yet he knew if he shot down one of our planes it uh then it would uh bring back a much more serious reprisal on him.
So it’s very difficult to always make judgements here about what the effect will be of our decisions on other countries. In this case it seemed to me that we did pick the right one. In Cuba of 1961, we picked the wrong one.
Q: I’d like to go back to question of the consensus and your relationship to the consensus you have said and the Constitution says that the decision can be made only by the President. Now what was your relation to the consensus? Did you form no opinion until a consensus appeared or were you part of forming a consensus and had you disagreed with it? What then?
JFK: Well I think that uh well you know that old story about the Abraham Lincoln in the Cabinet he says “all in favor say Aye” and the whole Cabinet uh voted Aye and uh then all opposed no, and Lincoln voted No and he said “the vote is no.” So that uh naturally the Constitution places the responsibility on the uh President. There was some disagreement with the course we finally adopted, but the course we finally adopted had the advantage of permitting other steps if this one was unsuccessful. In other words, we were starting in a sense at the at a minimum place and if that were unsuccessful we could have gradually stepped it up until we had gone into a much more massive action which might have become necessary if the first step had been unsuccessful. I would think that the majority had finally come to accept that though at the beginning there was a much sharper division and after all this was very valuable because uh the people who were involved had particular responsibilities of their own≥ Mr. McNamara Secretary of Defense who therefore had to advise me on the military capacity of the United States in that area. The Secretary of State who had to advice on the attitude of the OAS (The Organization of the American States) and Nato. So that uh in my opinion the majority came to accept the course we finally took. Which made it much easier. The Cuba of 1961 the advice of those who were brought in on the Executive Branch was also unanimous and the advice was wrong so that uh and finally, and I was responsible. So it finally comes down that no matter how many advisors you have frequently are they are divided and the President must finally choose. The other point is something that President Eisenhower said to me in January of 19– There is no easy matters will ever come to you as President. If they were easy they would be settled at a lower level. So the matters that finally come to as President are always the difficult matters the matters which carry with them large implications. So this contributes to some of the uh burdens of the uh the Office of the Presidency which other Presidents have commented on.
Just thought I would add this link for me later to try to read and for the whomever if interested:
“The thirteen days marking the most dangerous period of the Cuban missile crisis begin. President Kennedy and principal foreign policy and national defense officials are briefed on the U-2 findings. Discussions begin on how to respond to the challenge. Two principal courses are offered: an air strike and invasion, or a naval quarantine with the threat of further military action. To avoid arousing public concern, the president maintained his official schedule, meeting periodically with advisors to discuss the status of events in Cuba and possible strategies….”
Here is another link:
The Organization of American States
We’ve been considering the life and career of our dead President but meanwhile in Washington the government goes on. We’re going to interrupt this obituary now for a brief look at the news tonight we go to the White House and George Herman.
The President of the United States is in Washington but there’s no President at the White House tonight. President Lyndon Johnson worked most of the evening in his office the Executive Office Building the office assigned to him when he was Vice President of the United States before he became President. He left here about 20 minutes ago to return home. Mrs. Kennedy is not here she is spending the night at Bethesda Naval Hospital where the body of her late husband is also resting.
Tomorrow, the body of the late President accompanied by Mrs. Kennedy will come here to the White House to Lie-In- Repose here in the White House tomorrow for members of the family to view and for members of the government. The following day on Sunday it will go to the United States Capitol where it will Lie-In-State in the Rotunda and there it will be viewed by the American public. There will be a ceremonial mass a pontifical mass by Rich in Richard Cardinal Cushing on Monday. And after that the burial arrangements which so far are private. Here in the White House tonight Sargent Shriver has been working on the funeral arrangements the President’s brother-in-law taking care of the melancholy last details of the late President of the United States. All else here at the White House is quiet. There is no further Presidential activity here. Only people trying to find out what is going to happen. What’s going to happen to President Johnson. What’s going to happen to the United States. And what is the next order of business at this home of Presidents. This is George Herman at the White House returning you now back to Harry Reasoner.
John F. Kennedy’s life was brief and busy. Now prematurely that life has been comit.(tape goes silent no sound for a few seconds) Something probably purposefully omitted. (sound returns) and to stick by it’s pledge to insure the freedom of the continent.
Wherever he went his reception was enthusiastic but no where more so then in the divided city of Berlin
(man in black adjusts his hat
and it seems to be a symbolic gesture of some kind)
Not sure of the meaning of the gesture, but it is in this you tube presentation and I suspect the meaning has to do with
Human Rights and Freedom…
German, Roman, American, African, Jewish, women,
(notice below that when addressing the crowd he says Ladies)
That is my conjecture.
(Kennedy nods and smiles to the enthusiastic screaming crowd)
These people had reason to cheer for Mr. Kennedy for in their eyes he was the mainstay between the freedom they enjoyed in West Berlin and the Russian directed domination of the Eastern Sector. The President had this to say at the Berlin Wall:
Thank you. Ladies. I am proud to come to this city as the guest of your distinguished mayor who has symbolized throughout the world the fighting spirit of West Berlin and I am proud (huge applause and yelling) and I am proud to visit the Federal Republic with your distinguished Chancelor who for so many years has committed Germany to democracy and freedom and progress and to come here in the company of my fellow American, General Clay who (huge applause by crowd) who has been in this city during it’s great moments of crisis and will come again if ever needed. (huge applause by huge crowd)
2000 years ago. 2000 years ago the proudest boast wars
today in the world of freedom the proudest boast is Ish?/ich? bin ein Beeleener
(by sound not by german spelling 2:13/10:49)
“Civis Romanus sum (pronounced Cīvis Rōmānus sum) (Classical Latin: [ˈkiːwɪs roːˈmaːnʊs ˈsʊm], I am a Roman citizen) implied, in a wide sense, all the rights and duties associated with the status of Roman citizenship.
The Christian New Testament states that Paul of Tarsus, imprisoned and on trial, claimed his right as a Roman citizen to be tried before Caesar, and the judicial process had to be suspended until he was brought to Rome.”
“The locution was quoted by Lord Palmerston when called to explain his decision to blockade Greece. In his speech in the Houses of Parliament on June 25, 1850 he claimed that every British subject in the world should be protected by the British Empire like a Roman citizen in the Roman Empire.
In 1963, the phrase inspired the American president Kennedy to proclaim “Two thousand years ago the proudest boast was civis Romanus sum. Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is “Ich bin ein Berliner“.”
The place where JFK gave the speech was called
Rathaus Schöneberg is the city hall for the borough of Tempelhof-Schöneberg in Berlin. From 1949 until 1993 it served as the seat of the Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin and until 1991 also as the office of the Governing Mayor.
There are many people in the world who really don’t understand, or say they don’t,
what is the great issue between the free world and the communist world.
Let them come to Berlin.
end of speech
After that speech the President went to the wall.
CBS News Correspondent Daniel Schorr was there with him.
…accompanied by Brigadier General ….he’s the commander of the Berlin Light Brigade. The President climbs up on a platform again for a better look into East Berlin. A better look than he had at The Brandenburg Gate.
As he mounts the platform he can be seen better and so the cheers rise but most of the people around here are news people. Those who are cheering are cheering from windows.
Near Check Point Charlie
Here a close up shot of the Communist barriers, the VoPos, the East German Communist police, with their binoculars want to see from their side too. And on the other side you can see the East Berliners who in spite of everything have come forward knowing the President would be there. There on the corner beyond where East Berliners gathered they wanted to see President Kennedy too. Afraid or not allowed to come any closer. The President stands and just looks. It is an amazing sight. And probably thinks as many others have thought of (not sure if thought of is what is said because garbled but it sounds like it) to come here you have to see it to believe it.
With him General Chester Clifton his military aide. And there back again looking into East Berlin and see the cluster of East Berliners who have gathered who cannot look over that wall but know that the President is on this side. A remark of, probably a sarcastic remark, about the East Germans from Chancellor Adenauer. We were not allowed to have any microphones at this point. It would be fascinating to know what this conversation was between the President and the Chancellor and the Mayor.
Only recently on the other side of the wall just last week and probably in preparation for President’s visit here the Communists announced a 100 yard strip prohibited to anybody. This prevents any East Berliners coming any closer than 100 yards. One thing the Communists would have hated to see was a series of escapes while the President was here. The perceived blow to them of the President’s visit is already batting up so that Kruschev will be back in East Berlin the day after tomorrow ostensibly to celebrate the birthdate of his puppet Walter Ulbricht 70th birthday. And the President comes down now from the platform. He has seen the Check Point Charlie which he’s worried about these 2 years. A place where time (garbled) a war could break out. A place where American and Russian tanks confronted each other and now at last he’s seen it.
Kennedy, Khrushchev and the most dangerous place on Earth
That tour with the Chancellor Adenauer was shortly before the old man’s retirement. It would not have been likely that if anyone had predicted at that time that he would outlive President Kennedy.
If the President had to face up to momentous problems overseas he certainly had his problems at home. One of the constant nagging issues domestically was the old one of Equal Rights. Like President Eisenhower before him President Kem Kennedy demonstrated his determination to carry out Federal Court Orders in the entry of Negro James Meredith into the University of Mississippi.
Then on June 12th of this year the nation was shocked by the murder of Negro Leader Medgar Evers. President Kennedy spoke compellingly of the meaning of that murder:
We are confronted primarily with a moral issue.
It is as old as the scriptures
and it is as clear as the American Constitution.
The heart of the question is:
Whether all Americans are to be afforded Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities.
Whether we are going to treat our fellow Americans as we want to be treated.
If an American because his skin is dark cannot eat lunch in a restaurant open to the public.
If he cannot send his children to the best public school available.
If he cannot vote for the public officials who represent him.
If, in short, he cannot enjoy the full and free life which all of us want,
then who among us would be content to have the color of his skin changed and stand in his place.
Who among us would then be content with the counsels of patience and delay.
One hundred years of delay have passed since President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet their heirs, their grandsons,
are not fully free.
They are not yet free from the bonds of injustice.
They are not yet yet freed from social and economic oppression.
And this nation for all it’s hopes and all it’s boasts will not be fully freed until all it’s citizens are free.
We preach freedom around the world and we mean it. And we cherish our freedom here at home, but are we to say to the world, and much more importantly to each other, that this is the land of the free except for the negroes. That we have no second class citizens, except negroes. That we have no class or caste system, no ghettos, no master race, except with respect for negroes.
Now the time has come for this nation to fulfill its promise.
The events in Birmingham and elsewhere has so increased the cries for equality that no city, or state, or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore them. The fires of frustration and discord are burning in every city north and south where legal remedies are not at hand. Redress (I think that is the word he is saying because it fits for that time, however regress seems to be occurring at this same time, as both seem to be occurring nowadays kind of like one of Newton’s laws of motion) is sought in the streets in demonstrations, parades, and protests which create tensions and threaten violence and threaten lives.
We face therefore a moral crisis as a country and a people. It cannot be met by repressive police action. It cannot be left to increased demonstrations in the streets. It cannot be quieted by token moves or talk. It is a time to act in the Congress in your state in local legislative body and above all in all of our daily lives.
It is not enough to pin the blame on others to say this is a problem of one section of the country or another, or deplore the facts that we face. A great change is at hand and our task, our obligation, is to make that revolution, that change, peaceful and constructive for all.
Those who do nothing are inviting shame, as well as, violence. Those who act boldly are recognizing right, as well as, reality.
Pretty amazing that it had been one hundred years since the freedom of the slaves to JFK’s speech about the assassination of Medgar Evers.
“Henry Louis Stephens, untitled watercolor (c. 1863) of a man reading a newspaper with headline “Presidential Proclamation / Slavery”.
“The Emancipation Proclamation is an executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War using his war powers. It was not a law passed by Congress. It proclaimed the freedom of slaves in the ten states then in rebellion, thus applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves in the U.S. at that time. The Proclamation immediately freed 50,000 slaves, with nearly all the rest (of the 3.1 million) freed as Union armies advanced. The Proclamation did not compensate the owners, did not itself outlaw slavery, and did not make the ex-slaves (calledfreedmen) citizens.
On September 22, 1862, Lincoln issued a preliminary proclamation that he would order the emancipation of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863. None returned, and the order, signed and issued January 1, 1863, took effect except in locations where the Union had already mostly regained control. The Proclamation made abolition a central goal of the war (in addition to reunion), outraged white Southerners who envisioned a race war, angered some Northern Democrats, energized anti-slavery forces, and weakened forces in Europe that wanted to intervene to help the Confederacy.
Slavery was made illegal everywhere in the U.S. by the Thirteenth Amendment, which took effect in December 1865.”
Just recently I wrote a post I hope you will read:
“With regard to material things, our knowledge and our technical accomplishments are legion,
but what reaches beyond,
the things of God and the question of good,
we can no longer identify,”
Benedict added, saying that faith was the “true enlightenment.”
Seems like there is a conversation in time and some of the answers and tests are occurring
there and back again.
Then there is Rosa Parks not mentioned:
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called “the first lady of civil rights”, and “the mother of the freedom movement”.
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake‘s order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Parks was not the first to resist bus segregation. Others had taken similar steps in the twentieth century, including Irene Morgan in 1946,
Sarah Louise Keys in 1955, and Claudette Colvin nine months before Parks, but NAACP organizers believed that Parks was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience.
I thought Jane Pittman was a real person, but she was a fictional character.
Funny, because of the business about the death of Officer Tippit
in the aftermath of the assassination of JFK
is quite a mystery in itself.
Was he fictional too?
Speaking of fiction I’m looking forward to
Less than 3 months ago Mr. Kennedy was interviewed by Walter Cronkite and he warned then that the dispute between Buddhists and government in South Viet Nam imperiled the effectiveness in the war against the Viet Cong Communists:
JFK: I don’t think that uh unless a greater effort is made by the government to win popular support they the war can be won out there. In the final analysis It’s their war. Their the ones that have to win it or lose it. We can help them. We can give them equipment. We can send our men out there as advisors,but they have to win it, the people of Viet Nam against the Communiusts. We’re prepared to continue to assist them, but I don’t think the war can be won unless the people support the effort. And in my opinion in the last two months the government has gotten out of touch with the people: the repressions against the Buddhists we felt were very unwise. Now uh all we can do is to make it very clear that we don’t think this is the way to win. Uh It’s my hope that uh that this will become increasingly obvious to the government. That they will take steps to try to bring back popular support for this very (essential? not sure what word he is saying, because it sounds like he says insentual which is not a word, in sensual , inessential, incendial…. Still essential fits and I think that is the word he is saying) struggle.
Walter Cronkite: Do you think that uh this government still has time to uh to
JFK: Yea (nodding)
Walter Cronkite: regain
JFK: I do
Walter Cronkite: the support of the people?
JFK: With changes uh in policy and uh perhaps with uh and personnel. I think it can. If it doesn’t uh make those changes I would think the chances of winning it would not be very good.
CBS News is taking a look tonight at the career of our dead President from time to time if there is no news either from Washington or from Dallas we will switch to those places to keep you up to date.
Two years ago Mrs. John F. Kennedy took the American public on a personally conducted tour of the White House. Her husband appeared briefly at the conclusion of the tour to talk with Correspondent Charles Collingwood about the work his wife had done in the Executive Mansion.
Charles Collingwood: Mr. President. (JFK shakes hands with Charles Collingwood and enters room)
Well, Mrs. uh (Charles asks a private question to Mrs. Kennedy but not sure what it is that he says something or someone else does in earshot of the interview. I think he asks or someone asks “Does he know?”) Mrs. Kennedy has been showing us about the White House and uh all the changes she’s made therein. What do you think of the changes that she’s made?
JFK: Well, I think the great effort she made has been to uh bring us much more intimately in contact with all the men who lived here. And after all uh history is people and uh particularly the great moments of our history ….Presidents. So when we have as we do today Grant’s table, Lincoln’s bed, Monroe’s gold set all these uh make these men much more alive. So I think it makes the White House a stronger panorama really of our great story.
Charles Collingwood: Do you mind living in a house that has as many visitors as this one has?
JFK: Well, last year we had the largest in history which I think shows that the White House is uh becoming more and more important to the American people. Over 1million 300 thousand people passed through our (JFK breakes out and laughs a bit uncontrollably) home.
But uh I’d like to see that number double this year. And what is particularly interesting is that at least two-thirds of them were young boys and girls at school. I have always felt that American history is uh sometimes uh dull subject uh so much emphasis on dates, but I think if they can come here and see uh alive this building and the in a sense touch the people who’ve been here then they’ll go home more interested and I think that uh they’ll become better Americans and uh some of them may want to live here themselves which I think uh would be very good. Even the girls. (laughs again)
Charles Collingwood: Well, certainly there’s a great deal for them to see.
Do you, living here as you do, have the same lively sense of the past and of history of those of us who visit this house do?
JFK: Oh yes I think even more because of over at the Executive Wing which you didn’t visit which Theodore Roosevelt designed I sit at a desk which was given by Queen Victoria to President Hayes which is used by many of our Presidents and the whole atmosphere touches the lives of these men who led our nation in very difficult times. Of course, I think if anyone comes to the White House as a President desires the best for his country but I think he does receive stimulus from the knowledge of living in close proximity to people who uh are legendary but uh who uh actually were alive and were in these rooms.
An unrewarding and even to begin an assessment of John Kennedy on the day of his death partly because the country really hadn’t made up it’s mind about him when he was killed. His image as a president was not yet clear. Objective men who knew him indicate that perhaps it was not yet clear even to him. He was a a man who admired greatness and courage. Many people believed he had the first and almost everyone knew he had the second. But he also admired the doers, the practical man of statecraft who leave accomplishments as a monument and in this area he had had some problems maybe because neither the world nor the nation is very susceptible to statecraft these days. This much is true: on at least two occasions when the slightest slip from grace or courage or strength could have brought either war or disgrace to this nation John Kennedy’s grace and courage and strength were any all anyone of us could have prayed for. If he did not live long enough to leave a clear picture there were details of greatness that will live as long as there is an American nation. Among the things that we know that Mr. Kennedy was was the first real master of the English language to be President since Abraham Lincoln. He was eminently quotable, adaptably witty. He once said,” It has been recently suggested that whether I serve one or two terms in the Presidency I will find myself at the end of that period at what might be called the awkward age, too old to begin a new career too young to write my memoirs.” Death has made that remark ironic, but of course, death is always the great ironist. That is the kind of thing John Kennedy appreciated for he was an intellectual who at times seemed detached and watched himself. The horror that happened today is something he must have imagined at one time or another. It would have been a very real dream to that sensitive intelligence, but an irrelevant one to that vibrant courage. As any writer who is also a President does, as Lincoln did, John Kennedy wrote his epitaph a dozen times.
Maybe his most widely remembered remark came in that first and last inaugural address:
“And so my fellow Americans ask not what your country can do for you.
Ask what you can do for your country.”
It has been commonly accepted in all states and all cultures of man that what John Kennedy did for his country today is the most that a man can do.
His sacrificial answer to his own question
would seem to give the question substantial new meaning for the rest of us.
Kind of interesting since reading just recently in the news about what Abraham Lincoln’s wife she said to a doctor after Abraham Lincoln had been shot:
“Do what you can do. Do what you can do.”
something to that effect anyway. It is not a direct quote because at the moment I’m too lazy to look it up but I had noticed the quote changed in two different press releases, but they were similar.
I get the feeling history repeats itself. Like we are in a loop and each loop is relative to the next.
We have been taking a discursive look at the career of John Kennedy. We will now proceed to catch up with the news, what there is tonight. And first let’s go to Dallas, the scene of the crime and CBS News Correspondent Dan Rather:
The investigation into the death of President John Kennedy and the possibly related death of a Dallas Policeman is continuing at this hour and at Dallas Police Headquarters this is the scene. This is 24 year old Lee H. Oswald who lives in Irving a suberb of Dallas. He has been undergoing questioning since mid afternoon in connection with the shooting in downtown Dallas shortly after the shooting of President Kennedy of a Dallas Policeman. Oswald has been charged with the shooting of the Dallas Policeman. The fatality of the Dallas Policeman. A crowd of newsmen have been at Police Headquarters since Oswald has been there awaiting a possible break in the case. This is the scene in the corridor and occasionally police officers try to get the newsmen to stand back against one wall but it’s been almost an impossible job
That would be because the corridor is jammed full of people. Just not enough room to stand against one wall. The one policeman holding the door looks like the same policeman that was behind President Kennedy and Jackie Kennedy at the airport in Dallas.
As a crowd of approximately 200 newsmen are on hand. Police say that in addition to charging Oswald with the death of the Dallas Policeman they also are questioning him connection with the fatal shooting of President Kennedy and the wounding of Texas Governor John Connally. Oswald is only 5 feet 9 inches tall. He weighs just 160 pounds. You cannot see him in this shot but we should catch a glimpse of him soon. He answers the description of a young man sighted at the book depository building from which the shot which killed the President was believed to have been fired. Now here is the gun that police say was used to kill the President. That’s an Italian made rifle. We’ll have a close look at it in just a moment. Here’s Oswald at the Police Station. He is saying there, ” I did not do it. I did not do it.”
In just a moment we expect to have sound videotape from Police Headquarters with Oswald saying those things himself.
Now we’ll take a closer look at the gun
(9:48/10:47) Dan Rather licking. Is this what Newsmen do frequently? Are they taught to lick a lot?
that police say was used to kill the President today.
The gun is an Italian made high powered rifle 6.5 millimeter which police tell us is roughly the equivalent of a 30-caliber rifle. It’s the rough equivalent of the kind of rifle that United States soldiers carry. It has a four power telescopic sight on it. The shot which killed the President is believed to have been fired through that gun at a range of approximately 100 yards which is not a long range for this kind of a weapon.
Deer season is open in Texas and that kind of gun at 100 yards would knock a full-sized deer completely off his feet.
(happens to be 6:16 time-wise on the clock.
Just in case you are not aware 616 and 666 are antichrist numerals. It has been said that the number was actually 616, not 666 . Just thought it was coincidental)
Police refuse to say whether they have any fingerprints from that weapon as yet.
(notice the man has his hands
all over the rifle without gloves etc
not maintaining the integrity
of the evidence in his hands)
The man in the hat rather looks a lot like an older Dan Rather.
They also refuse to say whether they have taken any ballistic tests on the weapon as yet.
Officer on the right looks like the Dan Rather as he looked 20 or so years later.
No comments yet.
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